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St Oswald's - Ashbourne

Scott carried out a restoration of this church between 1876-8, including restoring the chancel with the addition of battlements plus new choir stalls. It appears that he was under pressure to rebuild the chancel but persuaded the Parochial Church Council against the idea:

If the roof had been modern, as you said, I should have gone along with you; but, though less old than the walls, it[ the chancel] is nevertheless of true mediaeval period, and he must be a bold man who would dare to call the period which produced King's College Chapel and those of St George at Windsor and Henry VII at Westminster, by the hackneyed name of 'debased'; a term now applied by students of mediaeval art to any period of its genuine productions.

It is another example of his careful work as a restorer of Medieval buildings.


Babington House, Derby Road - Belper

A workhouse built in Neo-Jacobean style between 1838-40 for 300 inmates, it was built on an H plan with a four storey symmetrical centre block, an ambitious stone front and three storey projecting ranges terminated by single storey Bound Room and Chapel, which were not joined to the archway. Expenses were authorised at £6830 in 1838 although it cost another £2000 to complete the building, not helped by the bankruptcy of the original contractor during the build. Scott found that with competitions in particular, the Guardians would select the most attractive looking building: ‘external appearance began to timidly to be thought of and estimates stealthily to creep upwards and many a row and uproar did this produce, to the joy of disappointed competitors’. Amersham, Dunmow, Billericay and Belper were all overspent on their original authorised grant and additional money had to be obtained from the Poor Law Commissioners to complete the works.

Scott’s Recollections, I 285.

St Mary and All Saints - Chesterfield

In May 1842, Scott was commissioned to refit Chesterfield Church in Derbyshire which cost around £5000. He says that ‘contrary to the wish of the incumbent, Mr. (afterwards Archdeacon) Hill’, he provided galleries, of which the west one still remains. He also renewed the west door and east window. But it was in his reorganisation of the internal spaces that Scott made his greatest impact on the church.

I found the rood screen to have been pulled down & sold but we protested & it was recovered. I recollect that there existed in the church as I found it a curious and beautiful family pew or chapel of wood screen work to the west of one of the piers of the central tower (There are two such chapels now in St. Mary's Church, Beverley). This was called the Foljamb Chapel, & was a beautiful work of Henry VIII's time. What to do with it I did not know. It was right in the way of the necessary arrangements & must be removed. I at last determined to use its screen work to form a reredos, and if I remember rightly, it did very well.

This is an astonishing admission, and perhaps was only made because Scott was criticized some years later for his deeds at Chesterfield by The Ecclesiologist. Not only was it a destructive restoration but more importantly, in the eyes of the ecclesiologists, he gave the church a large internal open space more to the liking of the Evangelicals than the ecclesiologists, with their ideas of mystery and concealment during church services.

Scott employed John Burlison as Clerk of Works, who became an expert on ancient structures and stayed with Scott until his death in 1868. Perhaps part of the reason for Scott's failure at Chesterfield was due to the success of the practice. A constant flow of new churches was still being maintained as well as other new buildings such as Macclesfield Workhouse in 1843, but now the practice was also taking on restorations. They required a painstaking survey, constant supervision and it could take many years of dealing with impoverished clients before the work was completed and all the fees paid. From the business point of view, restorations were not satisfactory but it is certain that Scott enjoyed this work.

He further reported on the state of the twisted spire in 1860 but carried out no further work there.

Scott’s Recollections, I 321-2, 338.

Workhouse, Newbold Road - Chesterfield

Built between 1838-9, housing 300 inmates, to a plan similar to that at Boston, Scott and Moffat showed the Guardians a wooden model of their proposed building. However, to reduce costs, the Guardians visited new workhouses at Belper, Burton on Trent, Derby and Mansfield and a number of changes were made to the plans including the omission of a block for 'idiots' and 'imbeciles'. The final cost of building and fitting out the workhouse was around £10,000. The builders, Wilson and Knight of Radford, had contracted to carry out the construction work for the sum of £6,245. However, their tender presumably underestimated the cost of the work and they went bankrupt in the process. Chesterfield was typical of Scott and Moffatt's workhouse designs. At the north, a single storey entrance block with a central entrance archway faced onto Newbold Road. This block contained the porter's lodge, the Guardians' board room, clerk's office, receiving wards and so on. The western side of the entrance block contained two large rooms, one of which was a school room and may also have served as a chapel. To the rear of the entrance block stood the three storey main accommodation block, the area in between being divided into boys' and girls' walled playgrounds either side of a central thoroughfare. The main block would have contained the master and matron's quarters at its centre, with men's accommodation to the east and women's to the west. A U-shaped infirmary stood at the rear of the site, flanked by various single storey buildings at each side, with a laundry on the women's side, and workshops on the men's. It was demolished in 2002 and replaced by housing.


St Andrew's, London Road - Derby

Scott built the church in 1866-7 with Thirteenth century detailing and an apsidal chancel. He added a screen in around 1878 for his brother the Rev. Meville Horne Scott (Archdeacon of Stafford and Residentiary Canon of Lichfield), the £25 cost received by his executors. A north-west tower and broach spire was added in 1881 after his death. Known as the railwaymen's church due to its location in Litchurch, it was demolished in 1970 and replaced by St Andrew’s House, an office block.

Parts of the reredos in St Andrew's Church were carved in Chellaston alabaster and, according to the Rev. R. L. Farmer, Scott visited the nearby Chellaston quarries and encouraged new undertakings in alabaster.


St Peter's - Edensor

Scott rebuilt the church for the 7th Duke of Devonshire at a cost of £14000 between 1864-70, after the 6th Duke and Joseph Paxton, who had done so much at Chatsworth, died. It incorporates Norman fragments of the earlier church and is Early English in style with a tower and tall spire.

Stokes Monument - Edensor

In the churchyard of St Peter's is a monument to George Henry Stokes dating from 1874, who had once been Scott’s pupil before working with Paxton. He lies under a beautiful polished red granite coped ledger stone of the type that Scott had designed for his sister at Rigsby.

Alton Manor - Idridgehay

Built for James Milnes in 1846, this is an Elizabethan style house, with a L shaped plan. It has gables, pinnacles and a tower over the entrance, constructed from ashlar stone.

St Michael and St Mary - Melbourne

Scott restored the church between 1859-62, which included partially rebuilding the tower and capping the western towers with high pitched roofs.


St John the Baptist - Staveley

A church restored by Scott between 1865-9 at a cost of £6000. He added a ‘spacious’ north aisle in Thirteenth Century style and also similarly rebuilt the chancel, the porch and the adjoining part of the south aisle.

Staveley Hall - Staveley

Originally built in 1604, the old hall had been partly demolished by the early Nineteenth Century. Scott remodelled it in 1867, principally rebuilding the front, and also the interior, where the staircase with stone arches was probably his work.

St Mary's - Wirksworth

After his initial report of 1867, Scott restored and refitted the church between 1870-6 at a cost of £7617. His clerk of works was Alfred Roome and his contractor G. W. Booth of Gosport. His work included new transepts and restoration of the tower. He renewed most of the windows, the large south window in the south transept being rebuilt in 1870, and he also added a clerestory.

St Mary the Virgin - Weston-upon-Trent

Scott restored and enlarged this church in 1860-1 with a new north aisle, along with general repairs and a reseating.