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St John the Baptist's - Aconbury

Scott ‘sensitively’ restored the single cell church with western bellcote in 1863. This included restoration of the west window. Chick of Hereford was his clerk of works on the project who also worked with him at Hereford as the Fabric Surveyor of Hereford Cathedral.

According to the church noticeboard.
http://www.churchplansonline.org/show_full_image.asp?resource_id=06044.tif



St James's - Cradley

Between 1868-74, Scott carried out some major work at this church for the rector the Rev. Renn Hampden. In 1868, he added a chancel with a new oak roof and chancel arch, following the plain design of the old building and built by Collins of Tewkesbury at a cost of £2286. A north aisle was added and the nave was restored by Perkins from Worcester in 1869 and then the rest of the building was restored and refitted including re-seating it under the supervision of Perkins.


Eastnor Rectory - Eastnor

On 16 April 1851, a few days before the opening of the Great Exhibition, Scott was in Herefordshire. When the Scotts moved into 20 Spring Gardens, at the end of 1838, they found themselves close neighbours of the private bank of Cocks Biddulph and Company. The bank occupied the house next door to them with it main office in Charing Cross, immediately behind. Records show that by September 1840, Scott was a customer and continued to bank there for the rest of his life. During this time the bank acquired considerable status as the bankers for the Prince of Wales, and later when he became King Edward VII. John Oldrid Scott and Dukinfield were also customers.

The bank was formed in the late eighteenth century in London by a partnership between the Cocks family of Eastnor Castle and their neighbours, the Biddulphs of Ledbury Park. The Cocks’s had huge estates in Herefordshire and Worcestershire. In 1848 Scott surveyed the church at Eastnor, which contains the tombs of Lord Somers’ ancestors and made preparations to build a new rectory. This was carried out between 1849 and 1850 and is a large and asymmetrical house.

Letter from Barclays Archive, 21 June 2005, 8 July 2005.
Chandler, G., Four Centuries of Banking, as illustrated by the Bankers, Customers and Staff associated with the constituent bank of Martins Bank Ltd (B. T. Batsford, London, 1964).
Hervey-Bathurst, J and S., Eastnor Castle, Ledbury, Herefordshire (Dirly, Heritage House Group, guide book, 2001), p. 48.
C[okayne], G. E., revised by the Hon. Vicary Gibbs and H. A. Doubleday (eds), The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland , Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant or Dormant (The St. Catherine Press, London, 1926), vol. XII, Part 1, p. 36.
Fisher, G., Stamp, G. and Heseltine, J., (eds), The Scott Family, Catalogue of the Drawings Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects (Avebury Publishing, Amersham, 1981), 84 [c].
Pevsner, N., Herefordshire, Buildings of England (Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1973), p. 123.



St John the Baptist's - Eastnor

In 1851 he was commissioned to restore the church. Nearby Eastnor Castle had been rebuilt in 1812 by Smirke in the Norman style and Pugin had sumptuously refitted the drawing room in 1849, with painting and furniture by Crace and a spectacular chandelier by Hardman. It seems strange that Lord Somers should have displaced Pugin by Scott, except that, by now, Scott had a considerable reputation as a church restorer and Pugin had none in that field and was a Roman Catholic. However, even by Scott’s own standards, this must have been a ‘destructive’ restoration. Today it is a Victorian village church, with only a Norman doorway, a thirteenth-century north arcade and a fourteenth- century west tower as the reminders of its past. The rest of the church was rebuilt in the Middle Pointed style although he adhered to his principle of acknowledging local designs with a liberal use of ballflower decoration. His use of colourful and contrasting materials, presumably inspired by his travels abroad, particularly Italy, was to develop into one of the features of Scott's High Victorian style. The east window was designed by Kempe. He also designed the plate, including the chalice and cover paten in 1853, for the church which re-opened for services in 1852.

Fisher, G., Stamp, G. and Heseltine, J., (eds),The Scott Family, Catalogue of the Drawings Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects (Avebury Publishing, Amersham, 1981), 79 [b].
Pevsner, N., Herefordshire, Buildings of England (Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1973), pp. 122-3.
Hervey-Bathurst, J and S., Eastnor Castle, Ledbury, Herefordshire (Dirly, Heritage House Group, guide book, 2001), p. 26.
Muthesius, S., The High Victorian Movement in Architecture, 1850-70 (Routledge & Kegan Paul Books, London and Boston, 1972), p. 238, n. 32.



Memorial to 2nd Earl Somers - Eastnor

Shortly after the church was reopened in 1852, the 2nd Earl Somers died and in 1855 Scott was commissioned to design his memorial in the family chapel of the church. This is an elaborately carved table-tomb which he placed under a ball-flowered arch at the east end of the chapel.


Eastnor Castle - Eastnor

In January 1859 Scott surveyed the Great Hall of the castle for the third Earl, and produced a preliminary design for its alteration, but this work was subsequently carried out to the designs of the obscure George E. Fox. Although Scott continued to bank with Cocks Biddulph, and in 1870 it granted him a loan of £1,500, there is no record of him carrying out any further work for the families.

Fisher, G., Stamp, G. and Heseltine, J., (eds), The Scott Family, Catalogue of the Drawings Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects (Avebury Publishing, Amersham, 1981), 81 [b].
Pevsner, N., Herefordshire, Buildings of England (Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1973), p. 124.
Letter from Barclays Archive, 21 June 2005.



St Mary's - Edvin Loach

Scott built the sandstone church between 1858-60 for Edmund Higginson of Saltmarshe Castle. It was close to the ruins of the old church which had Saxon origins. It is in his favourite Early English style with a broach spire, western tower with columns supporting the tower internally and polygonal apse. The fittings included a plain octagonal font and plain stone polygonal pulpit with one marble shaft.


Hereford Cathedral - Hereford

In 1856, the same year that Scott was commissioned to make his first report on St. Albans Abbey, he also became involved in the restoration of Hereford Cathedral. This again was due to the death of N. J. Cottingham who had been restoring the cathedral during his father's long illness and subsequent death. Perhaps Scott's involvement with the Cocks and Biddulph families at Eastnor and Ledbury, both in the Diocese of Hereford, had helped his appointment. However the Dean of Hereford, Dr. Richard Dawes (1793-1867) was also a mathematician, and had been an undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge, when Peacock was a lecturer in mathematics there. Scott described him as ‘My dear friend Dean Dawes’. In 1786, the fourteenth century west tower crashed down destroying a part of the nave and James Wyatt was called in by the Dean and Chapter to rebuild their shattered cathedral. Scott commented that ‘The nave had been wretchedly dealt with by Wyatt’, who also strengthened the central tower by inserting pillars across the transepts and removing the spire.

Scott inserted a new screen under the eastern tower arch which, advancing on the ideas that he had first used at Ely, was even more transparent by making it from metal rather than timber. It was built by Skidmore of Coventry in brass, copper and iron. As Scott remarks:

Mr Skidmore was anxious to have some great work in the Exhibition of '62 & offered to make the Screen at a very low price I designed it on a somewhat massive scale thinking that it would go better with the heavy architecture of the choir Skidmore followed My design but somewhat aberrantly. It is a fine work but too "loud" and self-asserting for an English church.

The exhibition was intended to be a repeat of the Great Exhibition of 1851, but the death of Prince Albert, in the previous December, cast a blight on the whole affair. The mourning Queen sent her cousin, the Duke of Cambridge, to represent her at the opening ceremony on 1 May 1862. Skidmore’s screen was duly displayed at the exhibition, before it was finally installed at Hereford. It is described by Pevsner as a ‘High Victorian monument of the first order’, but it did not appeal to recent tastes and it was taken down in the 1970's and has now been re-erected in the Victorian and Albert Museum. It was the first of several open-work screens made by Skidmore to Scott's designs, and it was followed by those for Lichfield, Salisbury and Worcester Cathedrals.

Scott also restored the exterior stonework of Hereford Cathedral, ‘with the least possible displacement of old stone’. Ruddle and Thompson of Peterborough were the builders and his Clerk of Works was William Chick, the Fabric Surveyor of the Cathedral, who also acted for him on other smaller restorations around Hereford. His other restoration work included a new east wall to the Lady Chapel; replacing the side pinnacles in the Lady Chapel; an east wheel window with arcaded niche and almond shape; restoring the circular windows in the east triforium of the north transept; and he moved monuments back to their original positions. The chancel tile pavement was made by William Godwin of Lugwardine and the west transept decorated by Octavius Hudson. He also restored the dismantle stallwork and rearranged the choir with gates to the north and south transepts made by Skidmore in 1864.

In 1867 Dean Dawes died, and Scott designed him a fine alabaster tomb-chest for the north-east transept of the cathedral with a marble effigy of the Dean by Matthew Noble on the top.

Wyatt's feeble west front survived until 1902 when John Oldrid Scott produced the present highly ornate design, which was completed in 1908.


Colvin, H., A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840 (Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 1995), pp. 154, 725.
Dictionary of National Biography XIV, p. 213.
Scott’s Recollections, III 297, 301-2, IV 43, 51.
Storer, J., History and Antiquities of the Cathedral Churches of Great Britain (Rivingtons, Murray, Hatchard, Clarke, Taylor and Sherwood, Neely and Jones, London, 1816), vol. III, Hereford (f-g), plates (q).
Cole, D., The Work of Sir Gilbert Scott (The Architectural Press, London, 1980), p. 207.
Pevsner, N., Herefordshire, Buildings of England (Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1973), p. 166.
Directory of British Architects 1834-1914, 2 volumes (Continium, London, 2001), p. 168.
Fisher, G., Stamp, G. and Heseltine, J., (eds), The Scott Family, Catalogue of the Drawings Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects (Avebury Publishing, Amersham, 1981), 95 a.



All Saints - Hereford

Scott designed the plans for this church restoration in 1875 but the work on the nave and north aisle was actually carried out by his son John Oldrid in 1892-4, and in 1902-3 on the chancel and south aisle.


St Michael and All Angel's font - Ledbury

Possibly through his Biddulph connections and simultaneous work at nearby Eastnor, in 1850 Scott designed a new font for the church, with green marble columns, to replace a seventeenth century one which had gone missing at the end of the eighteenth century. The older one was rediscovered, broken up and buried beneath where the new font was to be positioned.


Priory Church of St Peter and St Paul - Leominster

Scott first reported on this church in 1863 and carried out work on the nave between 1864-6.


Priory Church of St Peter and St Paul, part II - Leominster

Scott carried out further work at this church on the south nave and aisle between 1876-9, rebuilding columns between the south nave and south aisle and the east wall, with a new nave arcade of quatrefoil piers replacing columns dating from 1699. Edwards was the contractor in 1876.


St Peter's - Peterstow

This church restoration was completed by Scott between 1865-6, for the Rev Dr John Jebb, the rector, at a cost of £1200. His clerk of works was Chick of Hereford and the builder Coleman of Claxhill. Walls were straightened, floors underpinned, heating installed by Haden, a new vestry was built on the north side, an oak porch on the south side, a new window in the south side and a panelled ceiling was placed in the chancel. The local Godwin tiles were used in the nave and chancel plus the church was given a new roof and new pews. Archdeacon Denison attended the re-opening in 1866.


St James's - Tedstone Delamere

Scott completed this church restoration between 1856-7 for the former rector, the Rev I Smith. His work included a new chancel, new west window and an east window by Hardman, paid for by James Lane Wright, new floor tiles and much carving throughout, particularly in oak. New fittings included a font and pulpit both in stone with granite shafts, choir stalls and nave seating. The old font was kept alongside the new one.

http://www.whitbourne.org.uk/files/TedstoneHistory.pdf



St John the Baptist's - Upton Bishop

In 1861-2 Scott restored and enlarged this church so that it could accommodate at least 329 people, the church receiving a £50 grant from the ISBC (incorporated church building society) for this purpose. William Chick was once more clerk of works. Other work included new roofing and new floors with tiles by Godwin, opening up the lancets in the west wall and new fittings. These included brass communion rails and a candelabra in the sanctuary.

http://www.churchplansonline.org/show_full_image.asp?resource_id=05893.tif



St Leonard's - Yarpole

Scott restored this church for the Dunne family in around 1864, including a new chancel and north aisle, the south porch was rebuilt and a general restoration of the interior and fittings was undertaken. The detached bell tower was not touched by Scott.

http://www.churchplansonline.org/retrieve_results.asp?i=06146