http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=18447, Kelly's Directory, Sussex (1855).
West Sussex Record Office, Ep. II/26/4, pp. 223-6.
Fisher, G., Stamp, G. and Heseltine, J., (eds), The Scott Family, Catalogue of the Drawings Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects (Avebury Publishing, Amersham, 1981), 22.
Highnett, H. W. G., Boxgrove Priory (Beric Tempest and Co. Ltd, St Ives, 1979), p. 16.
Cole, D., The Work of Sir Gilbert Scott (The Architectural Press, London, 1980), pp. 134, 160.
Hertfordshire Advertiser, 12 February 1887, p. 5.
Beckett, Sir E., Bart., St Alban’s Cathedral and its Restoration (Randall, St Alban’s, 1885), p. 41.
Cole, D., The Work of Sir Gilbert Scott (The Architectural Press, London, 1980), p. 134.
Scott’s Recollections, III 44, 51-2, 56.
Dictionary of National Biography (G. F. Bodley).
RIBA Biography file.
Jones, M. D. W., Brighton College 1845-1995 (Chichester, Phillimore and Co. Ltd, 1995), pp. 12, 20.
The Builder, VII, p. 185.
Jones, M. D. W., Brighton College 1845-1995 (Chichester, Phillimore and Co. Ltd, 1995), pp. 21, 44.
Jones, M. D. W., Brighton College 1845-1995 (Chichester, Phillimore and Co. Ltd, 1995), p. 50.
Jackson, Sir T. G., Bt. R. A., Recollections, The Life and Travels of a Victorian Architect (Unicorn Press, London, 2003), p. 15.
Pevsner, N., and Nairn, I., Sussex, Buildings of England (Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1973), p. 443.
Cole, D., he Work of Sir Gilbert ScottT (The Architectural Press, London, 1980), p. 149.
Clunn, H., The Face of the Home Counties etc. T(Simpkin Marshall, London, 1936), p. 368.
http://www.mybrightonandhove.org.uk/page_id__7742_path__0p116p1442p.aspx for illustration.
Scott, G., Sir, Lectures on the Rise and Development of Medieval Architecture delivered at the Royal AcademyT (John Murray, London, 1879), vol. II, pp. 229.
The crushing and settlement of the south-west pier had caused serious pressure on the top of the south-east and north-west piers, the entire separation of the church walls from the western supports of the tower had become evident, heavy stones burst out and fell, the core of the south-west pier poured out, crushed to powder, and the workmen were cleared out of the building and the noble spire left to its fate at a quarter past 1.They did not have to wait long. Slater went off to lunch at the inn opposite, but before he was far into his meal, somebody at the window shouted ‘There she goes’. By the time he looked up all Slater could see was a space where Chichester's beautiful tower had stood for six centuries. Those who did see the fall said that the spire swayed to the south-west and then sank quietly into the centre of the building, carrying with it a portion of the nave and parts of the transepts and chancel. They all ended up as a great pile of rubble in the centre of the building.
We ought to be very careful how we judge men in our profession. The worst of architecture is that there is always a chance of it tumbling down, and therefore if we are hasty in condemning our brother architects we may some day incur a similar condemnation ourselves.All this seems rather hypocritical in view of the many instances when he had displaced his ‘brother architects’, but he probably felt genuinely sorry for Slater, who had been landed with the work without any previous experience of such a large-scale restoration and was, he believed, supporting Carpenter’s family. Scott almost certainly felt that, but for God's grace he might easily have been in Slater's situation and was anxious not to profit by Slater's misfortune.
The first work was to collect photographs & views - & to search the heap of debris so constantly, perservingly & diligently as to find & appropriate to its place every detail...This was ably carried out by My eldest son Gilbert, who worked 6 weeks at it labelling & registering every detail as it was recognised …Scott's investigations were particularly helped by a set of ‘perfect measured drawings of the whole’, which Butler had made and had been bought by Slater. ‘This was a most happy circumstance - & enabled us to put together fragments (upon paper) with certainty of correctness - so one thing with another the whole design was absolutely & indisputably recovered’. Scott's only innovations were to raise the tower by five or six feet, so that the blank arcading around its base was clear of the adjacent roofs and to remove walling-up in the belfry openings. He, in fact, adhered so closely to the original that he repeated irregularities, such as a difference in the number of battlements on various sides of the tower.
The foundations were sunk to a considerable depth in doing which we found many Roman fragments - bits of mosaic pavements &c & also several boars' tusks etc. The foundation of each pier was a square bulk of masonry surrounded by stepped buttresses & immense footings all built of great blocks of Purbeck stone & laid on a mass of cement concrete.The ends of the nave, chancel and transepts were supported by shoring while the tower was built up as an independent structure and it was only when the builder reached the base of the spire that the four arms were connected to the tower. The spire was then built and finally capped at a special ceremony conducted by the Bishop on 28 June 1866, when young Gilbert climbed up and returned the old weathercock to its rightful position. Scott was immensely pleased with his structural prowess at Chichester, and claimed that ‘I do not think that a settlement of a hairs breath shows itself’.
Clifton-Taylor, A., The Cathedrals of England (Thames and Hudson, London, 1979), p. 220.
The Times, 23 February 1861, p. 5, col. d.
The Times, 7 March 1861, p. 9, col. f.
Pevsner, N., and Nairn, I., Sussex, Buildings of England (Penguin Books, Harmondsworth, 1973), pp. 55, 134, 137, 140-1, 227.
Fisher, G., Stamp, G. and Heseltine, J., (eds), The Scott Family, Catalogue of the Drawings Collection of the Royal Institute of British Architects (Avebury Publishing, Amersham, 1981), 79 [c], 86, 86 [c].
Scott, G., Sir, Lectures on the Rise and Development of Medieval Architecture delivered at the Royal Academy (John Murray, London, 1879), vol. I, p. 120 and figure 80.
Fergusson, J., The Illustrated Handbook of Architecture … (John Murray, London, 1855), vol. II, pp. 852-6.
Storer, J., History and Antiquities of the Cathedral Churches of Great Britain (Rivingtons, Murray, Hatchard, Clarke, Taylor and Sherwood, Neely and Jones, London, 1816), vol. II, Chichester, (q).
Briggs, M. S., Goths and Vandals, A study of the destruction, neglect and preservation of historical buildings in England (Constable, London, 1952), pp. 97-8.
Murray, [King, R. J.], Handbook to the Cathedrals of England, Southern Division Part II, Chichester, Canterbury, Rochester (John Murray, London, 1861), pp. 294, 297, 300, 305-7.
Scott’s Recollections, I 17, 346, III 311-14, 319, IV 111-12, 114, 116-7.
Eastlake, C. L., A History of the Gothic Revival (Longmans, Green and Co., London 1872), p. 202.
Jackson, B. H., Recollections of Thomas Graham Jackson … 1835-1924 (Oxford University Press, London, 1950), p. 83.
Cole, D., The Work of Sir Gilbert Scott (The Architectural Press, London, 1980), p. 93.
Jones, M. D. W., Brighton College 1845-1995 (Chichester, 1995), p. 21.
The Builder, XXXI, 3 November 1873, p. 882.
Willis, R., The Architectural History of Chichester Cathedral (Chichester, 1861) p. xxiii, n. c.
The Times, 10 May 1861, p. 9, col. c.
The Times, 22 May 1861, p. 8, col. f.
In 1872 Scott said that he considered that the fall of the tower was ‘due absolutely to the folly of the Clerk of the Works’ and he brought in his own Clerk of Works from Dover, J. N. Marshall, who was just completing the restoration of St. Mary in Castro. See Scott’s Recollections, III 312, IV 117.
International Exhibition 1862, Reports by Jurors etc. (London, 1863), p. 12.
Dixon, R., and Muthesius, S., Victorian Architecture (Thames and Hudson, London, 1978), p. 255.
Scott’s Recollections, III 318. Cole, D., The Work of Sir Gilbert Scott (The Architectural Press, London, 1980), p. 94.
Franks, J., Building And Saving Fitzroy Library, Lewes (Pomegranate Press, Lewes, 2012).